Preparation for business or settlement: Consult with business associates, Negotiate a contract, settle an estate
Conferences: Attend a scientific, educational, professional, or business convention or conference, or
Vacation (holiday), visits with friends or relatives, participation at social events hosted by fraternal, social, or service organizations
Amateur performance in musical, sports, or similar events or contests, if not being paid for participating
Short term, non-credit, ,recreational course of study (such as a two-day cooking class while on vacation)
Cultural Exchange Visitor (J1) – non-immigrant visas for individuals approved to participate in work and study based exchange programs for a wide variety of categories –
Au pair and EduCare: Provide responsible child care and continue your education while experiencing everyday life with an American family.
Camp Counselor: Share culture and ideas with the people of the United States in camp settings throughout the country.
Government Visitor: Distinguished international visitors develop and strengthen professional and personal relationships with their American counterparts in U.S. federal, state or local government agencies.
Intern: Come to the United States to gain exposure to U.S. culture and to receive hands-on experience in U.S. business practices in their chosen occupational field.
International Visitor (Dept. of State use): People-to people programs develop and strengthen professional and personal ties between key foreign nationals and Americans and American institutions.
Physician: Participate in U.S. graduate medical education programs or training at accredited U.S. schools of medicine.
Professor and Research Scholar: Exchange ideas, research, mutual enrichment and linkages between research and academic institutions in the United States and foreign countries.
Short-term Scholar:Travel to the United States on a short-term visit to lecture, observe, consult, train or demonstrate special skills at research institutions, museums, libraries, post-secondary accredited academic institutions or similar types of institutions.
Specialist: Experts in a field of specialized knowledge or skills who provide opportunities to increase the exchange of ideas with American counterparts.
Student, college/university: Study at American degree-granting post-secondary accredited academic institutions, or intern program that will fulfill the educational objectives of the student’s degree program in his or her home country.
Student, secondary: Tavel to the United States to study at an accredited public or private high school and live with an American host family or at an accredited boarding school.
Summer Work Travel: If you are enrolled in college outside the United States, come to the United States to share their culture and ideas with people of the States through temporary work and travel opportunities.
Teacher: Teach in accredited primary and secondary schools in the United States.
Trainee: Come to the United States to gain exposure to U.S. culture and to receive training in U.S. business practices in their chosen occupational field.
Employees of International Organizations and NATO: Officials and employees of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) who will work for NATO in the United States need NATO visas.
G Visas: International organization officials and employees requiring visas include:
G-1 – Permanent mission members from recognized organizations and their immediate family members
G-2 – Government representatives from recognized governments and their immediate family members, traveling temporarily to the U.S. to attend meetings
G-3 – Representatives of non-recognized or non-member governments and their immediate family members
G-4 – Individuals coming to the U.S. to take up an appointment at a designated organization, including the United Nations, and their immediate family members
G-5 – May be issued to personal employees or domestic workers of a G-1 – 4 visa holders.
NATO visa: national representatives, international staff, and immediate family members traveling to the United States under NATO.
Specialty Occupation (H-1B) – Employers petition for a foreign national that a college degree and specialized experience:
THE CANDIDATE must have a U.S. bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty occupation from an accredited college or university or foreign degree that is the equivalent to a U.S. bachelor’s or higher degree in the specialty occupation)
THE JOB must require:
Bachelor’s or higher degree or its equivalent as a minimum entry requirement for the position
The degree requirement for the job is common to the industry or the job is so complex or unique that it can be performed only by an individual with a degree
Specific duties is so specialized and complex that the knowledge required to perform the duties is usually associated with the attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree.
H-1B1: Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Professional – Chile, Singapore To work in a specialty occupation. Requires a post-secondary degree involving at least four years of study in the field of specialization. (Note: This is not a petition-based visa. For application procedures, please refer to the website for the U.S. Embassy in Chile or the U.S. Embassy in Singapore.)
Employee has worked at a branch, parent, affiliate, or subsidiary of the current employer that is filing the petition
Type of past work at the company – the candidate has worked in either a (1) managerial, (2) executive capacity, or (3) in a position requiring specialized knowledge.
Candidate must have been employed by the same employer abroad continuously for 1 year within the three preceding years.
Individual with Extraordinary Ability or Achievement (O1) – Requires the employer demonstrate that the candidate for the job has:
Candidate has extraordinary ability or achievement in the sciences, arts, education, business, athletics, or extraordinary recognized achievements in the motion picture and television fields;
Candidate has demonstrated sustained national or international acclaim,
Candidate intends to work in their field of expertise.
persons providing essential services in support of the above individual.
P-1: Individual or Team Athlete, or Member of an Entertainment Group To perform at a specific athletic competition as an athlete or as a member of an entertainment group. Requires an internationally recognized level of sustained performance. Includes persons providing essential services in support of the above individual.
P-2: Artist or Entertainer (Individual or Group) For performance under a reciprocal exchange program between an organization in the United States and an organization in another country. Includes persons providing essential services in support of the above individual.
P-3: Artist or Entertainer (Individual or Group) To perform, teach or coach under a program that is culturally unique or a traditional ethnic, folk, cultural, musical, theatrical, or artistic performance or presentation. Includes persons providing essential services in support of the above individual.
Q-1: Participant in an International Cultural Exchange Program For practical training and employment and for sharing of the history, culture, and traditions of your home country through participation in an international cultural exchange program.
E visas – Treaty Trader (E-1) and Treaty Investor (E-2) visas are for citizens of countries with which the United States maintains treaties of commerce and navigation.
T Visas: Victims of Human Trafficking:
Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons, is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers typically lure individuals with false promises of employment and a better life. Victims of severe forms of human trafficking are provided relief under U.S. immigration law by the Victims of Trafficking in Persons (T) nonimmigrant visa. This status allows victims of human trafficking to remain in the United States to assist in investigations or prosecutions of human trafficking violators.
Foreign citizens seeking T-1 nonimmigrant status must be physically present in the United States already, due to human trafficking. Therefore, U.S. Embassies and Consulates abroad (outside the United States) do not issue T-1 visas, but may issue qualifying family members T (derivative) visas.
U Visa: Visas for Victims of Criminal Activity: Victims of certain criminal activities that either occurred in the United States or violated U.S. laws may be eligible to petition for U nonimmigrant status to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Victims must have:
Suffered substantial mental or physical abuse due to the criminal activity
Possess information concerning that criminal activity.
Obtain certification from authorities must also certify that the victim has been, is being, or is likely to be helpful in the investigation or prosecution of the criminal activity.